Features of the cultivation of nectarine and peach in Ukraine

Features of the cultivation of nectarine and peach in Ukraine

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Peach is the most large-fruited horticultural crop among the fairly common stone plants, and nectarine has competed with it quite recently. Growing these fruit crops in Ukraine allows you to get a quick-growing and productive plant, which has such positive qualities as self-fertility and good productivity. Nectarine and peach in Ukraine show not only a high survival rate, but also a very good yield.

The best varieties

It should be remembered that peaches are the most heat-loving, least winter-hardy and most early-growing plants, and carefully choose a variety taking into account the characteristics of the growing region. In Ukraine, twenty peach varieties and several nectarines, including late and early ones, are zoned.

Popular peach varieties

For the south, varieties should be selected whose characteristics and description state the presence of such qualities as decent productivity, resistance to the main, most common diseases and pests.

Peach Variety NameWoodCrownFruitPulpHarvest maturity
Golden AnniversaryTall, powerful enough, comes into fruition in the third yearSprawlingLarge, weighing up to 125-135 g, oval, golden yellow with tanOrange-yellow color, with good density, delicate and fibrous, quite juicy, with aromaMedium ripening
"Kiev early"Mid-layer, with a good level of winter hardinessRare, wide and pyramidalMedium in size, weighing 90 g, roundly elongated, beige yellow, with a tanGreenish-white color, with good juiciness and pleasant taste.End of July
"Red-cheeked"Medium layer with good winter hardinessThickness average, not too sprawlingLarge, weighing 120-130 g, broadly oval, with a creamy green surface and a bright tanGreen-white, with moderate fiber, juicy and tastyEarly ripening period
"Kremlin"With high growth power and high productivityWide-haired and slightly spreadingMedium, weighing 170 g, rounded, yellow-orange in color with a tanYellow-orange, with fiber and medium density. Succulent and fragrant enoughMedium ripening
"Rosy"A tall plant with thick and powerful annual shootsSpreading and attractive crownRounded, large, weighing 125 g, with pronounced abdominal suture, thin-skinned, creamy yellowCreamy white with sufficient juiciness and aromaMid early
"Soviet"Medium-sized plant with medium winter hardinessSpherical and very easy to care for crownRelatively large, weighing 140-145 g, blunt-oval in shape, with a greenish-yellow surface and tanYellow, with delicate fiber, juicy and fragrantFirst half of august
"Juicy"Vigorous and with sufficient winter hardinessThickness average, not too sprawlingA mass of 152-165 g, broadly oval, greenish-cream color with a tanWhite or greenish-cream color, with medium fiber, juicy and fragrantEarly ripening

The popular varieties of nectarine

Nectarines are somewhat less popular with Ukrainian gardeners. The best are nectarine varieties that demonstrate high quality indicators and stable annual yields.

Name of the nectarine varietyWoodCrownFruitPulpHarvest maturity
Red GoldMedium and very productiveWith average spreadingRound-spherical, with a dark red blush, large, weighing up to 215 gThick and juicy, with medium fiber.Medium late
Fleming FuryMedium growth, good yieldsAverage sprawlLarge, with a red blush, ovoid or sphericalYellow, with good juiciness and delicate fiber.The first decade of August
FlavoronA tall plant with excellent yield and decent frost resistanceCompact and easy to care forRound oval, with a seam, yellow with a red blushMedium Density, Juicy and FragrantMedium late
"Rebus"Medium-sized and very powerful plant with good productivityAverage sprawlLarge, spherical, weighing at least 185-195 gThick, sweet, tender and aromatic.Mid early
AlitopA tall plant with excellent yield and decent frost resistanceIt is represented by powerful branches, needs to be rationed.Rounded-oblong, symmetrical, with a pronounced bright blushYellow with red veins, juicy and tastyMedium late

Features of planting seedlings

High-quality varietal seedlings in nurseries should meet the following requirements:

  • well-developed and powerful root system;
  • lack of exfoliation and damage to the cortex on the stem and branches;
  • lack of signs of disease or pest damage.

Stably high yields of peach and nectarine can be obtained when grown on warm sandy or gravel soils. High-quality soil must be well drained due to the intolerance of the fruit culture to stagnation. Before planting plants, it is necessary to conduct a deep digging of the soil and introduce a sufficiently large amount of organic matter, mainly with a rough structure. Mandatory is the use of quality drainage.

Care technology

Agricultural technology for growing stone fruits such as nectarine and peach, in the conditions of personal fruit growing in Ukraine, it involves the following measures:

  • soil fertility indicators are supported by the application of mineral and organic fertilizers in the form of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus;
  • nitrogen-containing fertilizers have a direct impact on the indicators of vegetative growth and fruit formation;
  • in the early spring, it is recommended to add a solution based on ammonium nitrate into the trunk circles, and in the fall, fruit plantations should be fed with potash mineral fertilizers in the form of wood ash;
  • Fertilizers represented by compost, manure, slurry and green manure crops are very effective.

Plants such as peach and nectarine are fairly drought tolerant crops, but good yields are not possible without timely watering, as well as subsequent loosening of the soil in near-stem circles. Among other things, annual forming and sanitary trimming of the crown should be carried out, as well as systematic preventive treatment of fruit stands, reducing the risk of disease and pests.

The main diseases of peach and nectarine include claustosporiosis, curly leaves, powdery mildew, stone fruit moniliosis and fruit rot. In addition, without proper care and timely prevention, the risk of damage to the fruit plantations of aphids, weevils, flower beetles and ticks remains.

How is nectarine different from peach (video)

To combat the most common diseases and plant parasites of peach and nectarine, timely chemical treatments are carried out, and a system of protective measures must be correctly and correctly formed.