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Goat milk is a healthy drink that is used to strengthen health and immunity. Its composition contains a group of vitamins, minerals, nutrients. Fermented milk products are made from milk: cheese, butter, cottage cheese and kefir. The latter is obtained by fermenting bacteria in milk. The process of producing kefir from goat milk takes place in an industrial environment. Any housewife can prepare a fermented milk product at home.
Can kefir be made from goat milk?
You can buy a kefir product at any supermarket or store. But goods of good quality and freshness do not always come across. In production, sourdough or kefir fungi are added to milk to speed up the fermentation process. The fermentation process makes the product not only tasty, but also beneficial for the human body.
A quality goat product has a positive effect on the digestive and metabolic processes of the body. Vitamin and mineral composition prevents the development of most intestinal infections. The beneficial properties and quality of a fermented milk drink depend on the method of its production.
Goat milk is used for cooking at home. As a starter, regular kefir from a store or low-fat sour cream is used. A natural product prepared at home is considered more useful, since it does not contain preservatives or other additives.
Cooking begins with the preparation of food and the necessary equipment. This requires a cooking thermometer. If it is not at hand, an ordinary thermometer for measuring the temperature of a person's body will do. The thermometer must be washed well beforehand. Temperature control is important to avoid killing bacteria in the sourdough.
To heat the mixture, you will need dishes and a stove. It is convenient to use a saucepan or saucepan. Cutlery is prepared to mix the ingredients. Violation of the technology for preparing a goat drink at home will lead to its spoilage. When the mixture overheats, a bitter, salty taste will appear. There is also a violation of properties: at elevated temperatures, acidity increases.
To get a tasty and healthy fermented milk product at home, you can use a simple recipe. For this you will need:
- fresh goat milk - 1 liter;
- kefir from the store (or dry sourdough) - 100 milliliters.
Cooking process: milk is poured into a bowl, put on fire. The drink is heated to a temperature of 35-38 degrees, checking with a thermometer. Then add the starter according to the instructions on the package. Mix the ingredients thoroughly. When adding kefir to milk, the mixture is also thoroughly mixed.
For uniform distribution of the starter culture, stir the product again after 15-20 minutes. Then the container is covered and removed to a warm place at a temperature of 30-35 degrees. It will take 10-12 hours for fermentation. The higher the temperature, the faster the process takes place.
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Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
After a lapse of time, the mixture is well stirred, put into the refrigerator. After cooling, the drink is ready to drink.
Industrial production of kefir
In the 90s, a drink was obtained in production by adding fungi to the raw material. In the process of developing technologies, they learned how to make a fermented milk product using a reservoir method, which is introduced into the modern dairy industry.
Production production of kefir takes place in stages:
- Heat treatment and homogenization. Milk is purified in order to destroy vegetative microflora. At the same stage, deaeration is carried out - the elimination of a specific smell and taste from the product.
- Sterilization process. To destroy pathogenic microbes, the procedure is carried out at a temperature of 135-137 degrees, a pressure of 0.5 MPa for 3-4 seconds.
- Cooling and ripening. The product is cooled to the ripening temperature. Sourdough is introduced on kefir fungi. Ripening lasts 8-12 hours. During this time, yeast fermentation takes place.
- Stirring and filling. Before bottling, the drink is stirred for 2-10 minutes. The product is packaged and labeled.
- Maturation of kefir. Before use, the drink is allowed to brew in the refrigerator.
Homemade goat kefir is a source of protein, fats, vitamins, amino acids. The diet drink can be consumed not only by adults, but also by children. After the regular use of kefir from goat milk, the work of the digestive organs is normalized, the processes of decay and constipation are suppressed.