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The large and bright flowers of the climbing rose Don Juan look original in the landscape design of the garden. The plant is often planted for decorative purposes, designing landscape design on the territory. Standard rules of agricultural technology allow you to grow plantings healthy and actively developing.
Description and characteristics of the climbing rose Don Juan
A climbing rose of the Don Juan variety grows in a dense bush with large flowers. Stems of flowers are upright, thickened, 2-2.5 m high, with hard prickly thorns. A characteristic feature of the variety is the color of the stem in two shades.
Cup-shaped flowers reach a diameter of 10 cm and acquire a purple or crimson-red color. With proper care, flowering occurs already in the first year of cultivation.
The main advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Thinking about the landing of the Don Juan variety, you should familiarize yourself with the main pros and cons. The advantages are the following:
- high resistance to viruses and cold;
- large flowers with which you can visually hide flaws on the site;
- unpretentiousness to care and environmental conditions;
- delicate and sweet scent of flowers;
- long and massive flowering from early summer to October.
In addition to a number of positive qualities, the Don Juan rose has several disadvantages. Their list includes:
- the need to form a support due to the length of the branches up to 3 m;
- complex shelter for the winter of vigorous shoots with a dense structure;
- the presence of large thorny thorns on the stems, which complicates the care process and requires the use of special gardening gloves.
The nuances of growing
For proper growth and abundant flowering, it is required to take into account the nuances of growing the Don Juan variety. Compliance with the rules will help grow large flowers and prevent a number of difficulties.
The best time to plant the Don Juan climbing variety is early autumn. The rose planted in September and early October manages to take root in a permanent place and take root until severe frosts, and with the onset of spring it continues to grow actively.
Planting is also allowed in spring, from the second half of April to early summer. But spring planting is less suitable for climbing roses, as they will later form inflorescences and stagnate. If it is possible to plant the plantings only in spring, then you need to cut the shoots to a height of 15 cm, and leave the length of the roots within 30-35 cm. To protect against return frosts, the plants planted in April are covered with a film to form greenhouse conditions.
Preparation of planting material
Before transferring the seedling to a permanent place, it is kept in warm water for 24 hours. At this time, the land is prepared for planting. If the rose is planted next to the wall of the house, then the planting hole is dug at a distance of 40 cm from the support. The diameter of the pit is 60 cm, the depth is 30 cm.
A small amount of planting mixture consisting of turf, peat and bone meal is poured onto the bottom of the pit. In the case of planting on poorly enriched soil, it is recommended to additionally add a bucket of humus or rotted compost.
Most comfortable for roses of the Don Juan variety will grow in a well-lit place, protected from blowing. Also, flowers can grow in semi-shaded areas without losing their decorative characteristics. Climbing roses have enough sunlight for proper growth, which they receive in the morning. At the same time, it is not allowed to place plantings in full shade.
In the planting pit, the seedling is positioned in such a way that its roots are directed in the opposite direction from the nearby building. The roots are covered with planting mixture, carefully tamped by hand, if necessary, fill up the earth and water it abundantly with warm water, using at least 15 liters of liquid. Hilling is carried out immediately after watering, regardless of the season. In the case of planting several seedlings, leave a distance between the bushes of at least 3 m.
The Don Juan variety is unpretentious in care, and for proper growth, it is enough to adhere to standard agricultural techniques.
In the process of caring for plants, watering, fertilizing, forming bushes and providing protection for the cold season should be performed.
Watering the rose
Don Juan should moisten rose bushes as the soil dries up. For each bush, about 15 liters of warm water is used, which is pre-defended to get rid of harmful impurities.
When plants are planted in fertile soil saturated with nutrients, fertilizer begins to be used only from the second year of growth. During the first year, the seedlings absorb the substances in the planting pit. In the future, feeding is performed every year, adhering to the following schedule:
- at the beginning of spring, ammonium nitrate is introduced twice with a pause of 2 weeks;
- by the time the buds are formed, watering is carried out with complex fertilizer;
- during the opening of the first flowers, the bushes are fed with a solution of mullein or chicken droppings;
- at the end of the first flowering, a complex mineral fertilizer is applied;
- in the fall, add superphosphate or potash mixture.
Decorative pruning of rose bushes is performed in the spring, after the risk of recurrent frosts disappears. The second pruning is performed in the fall, preparing the plants for wintering and removing unnecessary shoots that can rot.
Shelters for the winter
Spruce branches are used as an optimal shelter from frost. It is laid around the bushes, shoots are pressed against it and additionally covered from above.
Throughout the entire flowering period, fading inflorescences must be removed from the bushes, partially capturing the shoots. This simple procedure will allow the planting not to expend energy on the formation of seeds.
Diseases, pests and prevention
Among pests, the greatest danger to flowers is spider mites and aphids. As a fight against parasites, they are treated with soapy water and specialized insecticidal preparations.
From among the diseases characteristic of the Don Juan variety, powdery mildew and black spot are distinguished. It is possible to cope with diseases with the help of fungicides, Bordeaux liquid or a solution of ferrous sulfate.
Flower reproduction methods
An effective way of propagation of the Don Juan variety is budding to the rosehip.
For reproduction, an eye in the form of a bud obtained from an adult plant is placed in the incision at the base of the bushes.
You can also propagate plantings by cuttings. For this purpose, the workpieces are cut from the faded shoots and germinated in the ground, providing greenhouse conditions.
Rose Don Juan in landscape design
Climbing rose bushes Don Juan are used as decoration for vertical structures. Thinking over the landscape design, you can place plantings near the southern walls of the house or a gazebo. It is important not to plant flowers in the corners of buildings as they will be subject to blow-through.