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The older generation, of course, remembers the mallow flowers. From inflorescences in the form of large bells, dresses for dolls were created. But the children hardly knew the name of the garden perennial mallow. It is impossible to list all the varieties and types, but you can describe the popular ones. Gardeners and designers often use decorative varieties to decorate a garden, flower beds, flower beds, paths.
What is mallow?
The mallow plant belongs to a large family. Depending on the species and variety, the stem height varies between 0.3-2.5 meters. The trunk can be naked, fluffy, straight, lying.
The leaf plate is large, heart-shaped, with denticles. In the axils of the leaves, buds appear in the form of large bells. In some varieties, the flowers form brushes. The inflorescences are simple, double, of different tones.
Mallow is subdivided into perennial, biennial, and annual varieties. It blooms for 2 years after sowing. The plant is popular among landscape designers not only for its various shades, but also for its long flowering period (June-August). Gardeners love to cultivate mallow for its ease of growing.
What colors are there?
It is easier to name the shades of mallow, which are not there, since all the colors of the rainbow are present, except for green. There are known varieties with black, white buds. Among the pastel colors, there is coral, blue, peach, lilac, pink. There are rich shades of burgundy, purple, blue, black.
Varieties and varieties of a flower
Among the numerous genus Malvovye, 60 varieties are popular. Most of them are with decorative flowers.
A tall Zebrin flower stretches up to 1.2 meters. It was no coincidence that it got its name. The varieties of this type are double-colored. The main color is of light tones, the veins are of a different color, brighter, more saturated. For example, pink petals with burgundy veins.
The undersized Topface has appeared recently. The buds are bright pink with light shades around the edges. Looks great in flower beds, in pots.
Among the brethren, Meluk is the leader in height. The stem extends up to 3.5 meters. They are planted near the hedge so that the wind does not break the stem, or they are fixed on trellises. The root is taproot, goes to a depth of 1.5 meters. Therefore, he does not like transplants. Seedlings are planted immediately to a permanent place.
Small buds grow in the axils of the leaves, they are red, pale pink, light lilac. Meluka, with its pleasant aroma, is a honey plant.
Malva Unnoticed loves sunny areas. Planting material 3 years old has better germination than freshly harvested seeds. Propagated by seed, seedling method.
Flower petals of double color, similar to the Zebrin variety: lilac with red veins.
The name Muscat mallow was given for its spicy aroma. The plant grows in a compact bush. Average height - up to 100 centimeters. The frost-resistant plant takes root in the northern regions. It pleases with flowering during the summer, until late autumn. The flowers are 5 centimeters in diameter. Color - pink, white, lilac.
Malva Malva is a dwarf species. The stem extends 20-60 centimeters. The flower petals are simple. The plant blooms throughout the summer. The color of the buds is blue, the pistil is yellow.
The Apple blossom variety is used to create flower arrangements. This is due to the decorativeness of the flowers. Double flowers of white-pink color resemble roses.
Mallow is popularly called mallow for the structure of the flower, so similar to the church bread - prosvir. A perennial plant is sown in April. Flowering begins in June and continues throughout the season. Some varieties bloom before frost.
Forest mallow is the progenitor of many varieties, for example Zebrina, Black mother-of-pearl. The varieties have two colors that are contrastingly different from each other. The plant is biennial, but in the Central lane it is grown as a one-year-old. Flowers do not tolerate winter frosts. The stem extends up to 1.2 meters. The color of the petals is lilac, the veins are burgundy.
Flowering lasts from June to mid-autumn. The type differs in large buds - 7 centimeters in diameter.
Variety Purple Velvet is grown as a perennial plant. Flowers open amicably and gather in bunches. Terry petals, with bright and different colors. The pride of any garden. Bloom all summer.
Sudanese mallow has an amazing color. Snow-white petals stand out against the background of a brown spot inside (pistil). The plant is biennial.
Wrinkled mallow, or stock-rose, is represented by dwarf varieties, 60-90 centimeters tall, and tall specimens - up to 2 meters. The leaves are dark green, wrinkled. Hence the name of the species. Inflorescences can be simple (Single Mixed), double (Malva alcea), depending on the variety.
The color of the buds is different. Bright yellow inflorescences with a pink pistil look intriguing. The size of the buds on dwarf varieties reaches 10 centimeters in diameter, for example, Single Mixed. On tall flowers, on the other hand, the inflorescences are small (Powder Puffs Mixed).
A perennial plant grows in a bush of several stems. Therefore, the hybrid mallow with a length of 2 meters looks majestic and powerful. Large double inflorescences of a delicate pink or white color stick out among the green background of the leaves. The plant is thermophilic; in cold regions it is grown as an annual.
Perennial plants include tree mallow. A shrub or tree will decorate any garden. Its height reaches up to 3 meters.
Which variety should you choose?
Before choosing a variety, you need to decide what you will use.
Mallow does not tolerate transplants, as it has a long root. It is difficult to transplant a plant without breaking the integrity. Therefore, for perennial varieties, a permanent place is selected where seeds are sown or seedlings are planted. Annual varieties are suitable for single use. For example, to decorate balconies, terraces.
Size also plays a role. Tall varieties: Zebrina, Meluka, Lesnaya, Hybrid - it is better to plant along the fence so that the strong wind does not break the stem.
Dwarf varieties: Small, Topface, Wrinkled - suitable for decorating flower beds, flower beds.
In the southern regions, perennial varieties take root: Muscat, Wrinkled, as they tolerate mild frosts. For the northern regions, it is better to choose annual varieties, for example, Zebrina, Hybrid or frost-resistant: Meluka, Muscat.
The species - forest mallow - withstands droughts and frosts. Among the varieties of this type, you can choose a suitable height - from 0.3 to 1.2 meters. Each customer is interested in color. There will be no problems here. Almost every species has all colors, from white to dark tones. There is even a black color - in the Nigra mallow.
Mallow in landscape design
Tall varieties of mallow (over 2 meters) are used by landscape designers for the background. In the foreground, low-growing varieties of the same plant are planted, 60 centimeters high. One variety with different colors looks organic.
- Garden Zebrina looks great in group plantings.
- Terry species, or stock-roses, are planted along paths, in flower beds, flower beds.
- The combination of yellow sunflowers with blue terry mallow along the paths will be original.
- Single plantings of mallow against the background of green grass are no less attractive.
- You can delimit the planting with a hedge.
- If you plant a mallow against a background of trees, the overall picture will create a landscape of wilderness.
- Dwarf varieties fit well into the decor of terraces, if planted in pots, containers.
- Live bouquets of mallow stand up to 2 weeks. Therefore, they will decorate any room.
- In the garden, planting flowers along the fence will hide unsightly buildings from the eyes.
Thanks to the wide range of colors of this plant, designers can embody any of their fantasies. Perennial mallow will delight with flowering throughout the summer season.