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Planting raspberries requires compliance with the rules for choosing the soil and neighboring crops on the site. To achieve a harvest, gardeners need to know what can be planted without harming the plant after raspberries on the site.
Is it possible to plant different varieties of raspberries in the same garden
Many gardeners do not know whether it is possible to plant different varieties of raspberries together on the same site and still get a harvest. The berry belongs to self-fertile plants that do not require pollination, so planting several varieties of crops together will not affect the harvest. Some experts argue that such actions lead to an improvement in the palatability of the fruit.
The use of this method can only cause discomfort in the care, since the varieties may require different fertilizers. Also, when planting varieties in the garden, it is necessary to leave marks that will allow you to determine the raspberry variety in a year, when it is necessary to thin out the bushes.
Important. The shrub propagates with the help of cuttings, however, using the seeds of the dusty varieties, a new species can be developed.
Neighborhood with raspberries
For raspberries, the ideal solution is a separate bed on which culture bushes are placed. Often there is no free space, so other types of crops are planted nearby, which do not affect the development and fertility of raspberries.
What can be planted next to raspberries
When choosing crops to be placed next to the berry, it is necessary to take into account the depth of the root placement, as well as what nutrients are needed for development. Some types of shrubs and fruit trees can be planted near raspberries, which get along well.
If in doubt whether it is possible to plant blackberries next to raspberries on one garden plot, the answer is yes. Since these two crops coexist in the neighborhood, however, a distance of 1 meter should be maintained between the shrubs for comfortable plant care. Also, blackberries prevent the development of diseases on the berry bush.
Raspberry and apple are good neighbors, crops will develop and bear fruit. The roots of the apple tree penetrate much deeper into the soil and do not affect the shrub. Raspberries loosen the soil, allowing more oxygen to enter the soil. However, such a neighborhood is permissible until the apple tree begins to develop the crown, after the crown grows, it will shade the bush, which can lead to its complete death. Therefore, after a few years, the raspberry bush must be transplanted to a sunny place.
When planting pears in the same bed with raspberries, problems may arise that will negatively affect the tree. Since the shrub has a root that is located on the surface, which leads to the absorption of moisture. If it is necessary to plant raspberries and pears, it is necessary to maintain a distance of 4 meters between crops.
When planting plums with raspberries on the same bed, you need to choose a sunny place and regularly water it, only in this case the neighborhood will be safe. The distance between the plum and the shrub is at least 2-3 meters. This is necessary so that the root system of the plum can absorb the required amount of moisture.
Planting rowan with raspberries in the same area prevents the emergence of pests on the shrub. Crops are saturated with different nutrients from the soil, therefore they do not affect each other. With such a neighborhood, it is necessary to ensure that the raspberries do not grow and regularly remove old shoots.
The culture can develop in conjunction with raspberry bushes. Raspberries help prevent problems such as the growth of putrefactive bacteria in the root system. Raspberry rhizome loosens the soil and allows moisture to penetrate into the deep layers and nourish the honeysuckle roots.
With such a neighborhood, both crops develop and produce crops. Juniper helps to repel pests from the berries during the ripening period.
If it is necessary to plant barberry and raspberry culture next to it, a distance of at least 2 meters must be observed. Too close proximity will lead to the fact that the berry bush will be shaded from the sun, as a result of which the yield will decrease. Also, barberry can contribute to the emergence of a unique flavor of berries.
Red and black currant
It is not recommended to plant currants at close range to raspberry bushes. The distance between crops should be 3 meters. Shrubs absorb the same nutrients, so using this kind of neighborhood, you need to take care of additional fertilization.
Rose is a good neighbor for raspberries, as it repels pests and attracts insects, which pollinate the inflorescences and increase yields. Also, rose bushes eliminate excessive acidity of the soil, which is necessary for the normal development of raspberry bushes.
You can plant different varieties of tomatoes near the raspberry tree. Tomato bushes repel harmful insects that damage the berries. Tomato tends to release biological substances into the air that increase the yield of raspberries. Also, when asked what can be planted from vegetables in the garden next to raspberries, crops such as potatoes, peppers and parsley should be noted.
Planting dill in the same area with the raspberry tree helps to protect the berries from pests. Dill, spreading its smell, repels winged pests. The same result can be achieved when planting garlic on the site.
Planting near oats will eliminate unwanted raspberry growth. Oats are planted around the berry, thereby loosening the soil and the plants covering the raspberry roots for the winter.
Important. The use of oats in raspberries helps to protect bushes from wind damage, and also acts as a natural natural fertilizer.
What plants cannot be planted together
Raspberries are a demanding crop of neighbors, so some types of plants can lead to damage to the shrub and a decrease in yield.
When planting corn next to raspberries, the appearance of young shoots of the bush is reduced. This method will allow you to keep the raspberry in the required shape. However, corn can absorb the nutrients needed by the berry and lead to lower yields.
Do not plant grapes near the raspberry tree. The culture reduces the yield of berries and leads to the appearance of diseases. Grapes are a shrub that requires constant moisture to promote rot on the root system of the berry. It is recommended to maintain a distance of at least 4 meters between the raspberry and the vineyard.
The root system of the plant grows very quickly, while damaging all neighboring shrubs. Sea buckthorn roots take up all the nutrients, which leads to the death of the raspberry tree.
Strawberry bushes are not recommended to grow near raspberries. The two crops share similar pests and regularly oppress each other for nutrients. The roots of crops are at the same level, which leads to a lack of moisture.
It is considered a bad neighbor for a raspberry tree. This happens for the following reasons:
- cherry roots grow over long distances and oppress raspberries;
- during flowering, cherry attracts pests that infect the inflorescences of raspberry bushes;
- cherry tree negatively affects the yield of berries.
Cherry trees grow rapidly and block shrubs from sunlight, which also negatively affects yields.
What to plant after raspberries next year
It is recommended to plant other crops after raspberries only after one year. This is necessary in order for the soil to rest and restore the supply of nutrients.
After removing the raspberry, the application of green manure is a suitable method to restore the vegetable garden. The action of green fertilizers is to restore the nutrient components of the soil, they form fertilizer when rotted. You can plant siderates immediately after uprooting or transplanting the raspberry tree.
The following plants belong to siderata:
- sweet clover.
After the application of siderates, crops can be planted, except for raspberries, strawberries, blackberries.
Roses or hydrangeas
Using a rose patch can be ideal for a former raspberry tree. Roses and raspberries have different nutrient requirements; before planting roses, organic fertilizers must be applied to the soil.
Hydrangeas can also be planted in a raspberry tree, however, phosphorus fertilizers must be applied before planting, and planting should be carried out only the next year after uprooting the bushes.
Strawberries are not planted in the soil in which raspberries have recently grown. This is due to the similarity of crops, with the same type of pests and diseases that can remain in the soil. Also, strawberries will develop poorly and will not bring the required yield, since all the nutrients in the soil have already been used by the predecessor. Strawberries can be planted no earlier than 3 years after the removal of the raspberries.
Pumpkin and tomatoes
A vegetable such as a pumpkin is picky about the soil, if necessary, to plant seeds in a place where there was a raspberry tree before, it is necessary to apply organic fertilizers in the fall. Tomatoes can be planted after raspberries, as they do not have common diseases and require different types of nutrients. Also, the ideal solution would be to plant potatoes and legumes in a place where raspberries used to be.
Raspberries are not only a healthy berry growing in the garden, but also a culture that is demanding on neighboring plants. She loves sunlight and, in the presence of shade, can reduce crops and die. For the harvest, it is important to follow the growing rules, including the correct neighborhood.