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Age when Indo-ducks begin to lay, how many eggs are given per day and year

Age when Indo-ducks begin to lay, how many eggs are given per day and year


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Those farmers and backyard owners who own Indo-girls are interested in when they start laying eggs. These poultry are often called mute ducks, or mute ducks, because, instead of the usual sounds, they make a barely audible hiss. They are considered to belong to meat breeds, but the issue of egg production is important for reproduction and increase in livestock.

When do Indo-girls start laying eggs?

Indo-ducks are large, calm birds that gain weight well. Their meat is low in fat compared to other breeds of domestic ducks, so they are often bred for meat.

Since birds grow quickly, keeping them on meat for longer than 3-6 months does not make sense. Therefore, it is important to establish the reproduction of the livestock, and for this it is necessary to know at what age the mute ears start laying.

It is believed that sexual maturity in Indo-girls occurs by six months to 7 months, but it is impossible to indicate the exact date, because dozens of factors affect it. If the birds are provided with optimal living conditions, full-fledged high-calorie feeding, and kept warm, they rush 2-3 weeks earlier than the standard period.

In the case when Indo-girls live in a cold room, part of their energy is spent on heating the body, the first time the laying happens later.

The life expectancy of an Indo-female reaches 20 years. Farms do not keep a bird for so long, however, a muscovy duck with a high egg production and a developed hen instinct can breed more than a dozen ducklings in a lifetime.

Mute ears rush every six months - in autumn and spring. The duration of laying eggs reaches 60 days, but this period can be extended by artificial lighting and enhanced feeding. Laying begins at dawn and usually ends by lunchtime.

The presence of a drake is a stimulant to oviposition. For 3-4 females, Indo-Ducks keep 1 male. Its presence delays the start of laying a little, but the eggs are fertilized, which is important for the reproduction of poultry.

Productivity indicators

Muscovy ducks' egg production rates are never stable, as they are influenced by the following factors:

  1. Bird age and health.
  2. Habitat conditions.
  3. Feeding quality.
  4. Lighting level in the house.
  5. Season.

At six months, a duck lays no more than 8 eggs, and at 8 months their number doubles. At 9 months, Indo-ducks lay up to 22 eggs, at 10 months there are already 25. After that, a decrease in indicators begins, that is, after a month the number of eggs decreases to 22, and by the year it returns to the indicator of eight months - 16 pieces.

When productivity indicators decline, such eggs are not used for breeding, and the Indo-Ducks themselves are often sent for meat. Since duck eggs are used in small quantities for food, it is unprofitable to keep hens for longer than 10-11 months. On average, a musk duck can lay up to 100 eggs in 365 days, record holders increase this figure to 120 and even 140. The egg weight reaches 60-70 grams, the incubation period lasts from 34 to 37 days.

What can affect the performance?

If an Indo-woman is 12 months old and still has not started laying, this may indicate hormonal problems in her body. Such a bird is culled and sent for meat. Also, the personal qualities of the hen affect the level of hatching of ducklings. You need to choose the right weft. It should be large, with a wide chest and with minimal growths on the head around the beak.

Indo-ducks are excellent mothers, so the brood will be safe and sound with them. It is not necessary that the laying hen was at the same time a brood hen, because it is possible to lay “other people's” eggs under a good mother.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

Muscovy ducks can breed ducklings of a different breed, and even chickens, if the hen did not hatch the offspring. The size of the clutch for incubation ranges from 15 to 30 eggs, depending on the capabilities and abilities of the hen.

But the performance of the laying hen can suffer from many external and internal negative aspects:

  1. Keeping in a cold, damp place.
  2. Insufficient calorie content of food.
  3. Low level of general lighting.
  4. Lack of "exercise".
  5. Crowded bird keeping.
  6. The presence of diseases.

Indo-ducks should receive fresh green food because uniform feeding is detrimental to their health and productivity.

What problems can there be?

Indo-women rarely get sick, they have a good appetite, friendly, calm character, unhurriedness. When breeding at home, they rarely have problems. In order for the birds to rush regularly, not to abandon the clutch and to breed dozens of ducklings, the owners need to know what requirements they make to the living conditions.

The muscovy duck is a good laying hen and hen, but to get a large number of eggs and hatch ducklings, you need to provide them with the following conditions:

  1. Insulated nest (you can take a regular box).
  2. Quiet, isolated from neighbors place for nesting.
  3. Warm nesting room.
  4. Ensuring cleanliness not only in the nest, but also in the poultry house. Ducks do not tolerate damp and dirty litter, which must be replaced frequently with new ones.
  5. Free access to food and clean water.
  6. Bathing tank. Ducks love water - wet feathers are necessary to provide conditions for incubation of eggs.
  7. Indo-ducks need to be released into the pasture. Movement is useful, and in the grass birds peck insects, snails, pebbles or gravel, replenish the supply of vitamins with fresh grass. There is no need to graze like geese - the mutees do it on their own.

A duck may abandon its clutch or refuse to hatch offspring if parasites have entered the nest, the house is attacked by rats or other predators, and also if the brooding area is too brightly lit. If the bird is very frightened, it can throw not only eggs, but also ducklings.

To ensure continuous clutch, it is necessary to leave one egg in the nest, or use a blende - a ceramic or plaster cast of the appropriate shape. Providing the Indo-women with full-fledged conditions, you can get eggs, dietary meat, hundreds of ducklings a year and material benefits.


Watch the video: Duck feeding tipsto get the exact sizes of eggs -Modern duck farming methods (October 2022).