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Many farmers have been breeding poultry for a long time. The descendants of the wild mallard also found their place in the farm. Waterfowl are unpretentious in care, have good productivity. But egg production, in comparison with chickens, is not too high. Therefore, it is important to determine which popular breeds of meat ducks should be preferred.
Features of the direction
Agronomists consider it beneficial to keep ducks for meat production. Broilers are suitable for home breeding. The appearance of the birds is remarkable. The body is well developed with massive muscles. Adults weigh about 4 kilograms. A 2-month-old young growth is suitable for slaughter.
Achieve these parameters with a balanced diet. Proportions of food for ducklings:
|Products, g||Age of offspring|
|up to 10 days||up to a month||up to 2 months|
|Boiled meat (waste is possible)||3||15||25|
|Shredded grain waste||25||40|
The need for minerals and vitamins is replenished by salt, bone meal, shells and fine gravel. Fish oil is also added to the feed.
For adult ducks, a diet is formed from different products. Be sure to use fresh herbs and, if possible, seafood. When buying ready-made compound feed, preference is given to proven brands of manufacturers.
The best meat breeds of ducks
All domestic ducks are descended from the mallard. In the course of breeding work, productivity indicators have undergone significant changes.
The breed was bred at the Blagovarsky poultry plant. Ducks are distinguished by high productivity of not only meat, but also eggs. The female is capable of incubating up to 200 eggs per year. Perhaps natural, as well as incubatory, breeding of offspring. The meat yield is up to 70% of the total mass. Adults gain 4 kilograms of weight.
Ability to quickly adapt to natural conditions.
Undemanding care and feeding.
Rapid weight gain.
Dependence on the availability of reservoirs for regular walking.
Intolerance of tightness.
When keeping the Bashkir breed of ducks, it is important to correctly calculate the area of the corral. Overpopulation will lead to disease and decreased productivity.
The oldest breed of ducks was bred 3 centuries ago in China. In Europe, snow-white poultry appeared already in the 20th century. Farmers breed this species for delicious meat. The product yield is 70%. The hatching instinct is poorly developed. It is better to use an incubator for hatching. Females bring, on average, 100 eggs per year.
Good indicators of meat productivity.
In the absence of food, birds become irritable. They try to keep the feeders of capricious Peking girls full.
Outwardly, ducks resemble turkeys due to the characteristic fleshy growths of bright red color. The breed was bred in South America. Ducklings at the end of the second month of life already weigh 4 kilograms. The largest adults reach 6 kilograms. Ducks produce 100 eggs annually.
They do without water walks.
They hatch their own and even other people's eggs.
They do not tolerate cold climates.
The breed is the result of selection of three species at once - Bashkir ducks, black white-headed and Peking ducks. The birds look plump, weighing up to 5.5 kilograms. Ducklings gain about 3 kilograms in 2 months. Females lay 150 eggs annually.
The ducks have a friendly disposition and good appetite. Favorites are able to find food on their own.
Breeding in cold climates.
The only drawback of poultry farmers is the lost maternal instinct.
Ukrainian scientists have managed to create a breed that is considered one of the best among the meat varieties. As a result of crossing wild ducks with poultry, strong individuals with dense brown or golden down have been bred. By the time they reach adulthood, ducks gain 4 kilograms of weight, and each year they bring about 120 eggs.
Ability to withstand frost.
Rapid weight gain.
The presence of immunity.
Undemanding to the conditions of detention.
Ducks are not clean.
Feathered Ukrainian women are advised to keep near the water. If there are no lakes near the farm, a trough is enough for the ducks to exercise daily.
White ducks that look like Peking ducks are bred almost everywhere in Russia. Drakes gain up to 4.5 kilograms, their girlfriends are only slightly behind in weight. Annual fecundity of hens is 125 eggs.
Resistant to harsh climates.
Activity and independent behavior.
Loyal attitude to the feed.
Poultry breeders do not like the sloppiness of birds, as well as a sharp unpleasant cry.
The breed was obtained by crossing free ducks with the best examples of domestic birds. The natives of France have a plumage of wild ancestors and a docile disposition. Adults gain 5.5 kilograms or more. During the year, 90 eggs are obtained from each female.
Very fast weight gain.
Wide range of feeding products.
Simple care and maintenance.
High rates of meat productivity.
Due to the tendency to obesity, you have to carefully approach the composition of the diet.
Gray tint of the carcass. The unattractive appearance even became the reason for the refusal of industrialists from the mass cultivation of poultry.
Noisy behavior is characteristic only of the female half of the birds. The Drakes of the Rouen do not know how to quack.
Which one is better to choose?
Experts advise you to approach carefully when choosing ducks. You should find out:
- Conditions under which it is beneficial to raise birds (climate, feeding and other indicators).
- Health status.
- No defects.
- How fast the ducks grow.
- The quality of the meat.
- Is it possible to breed ducks without a reservoir.
- The presence of a maternal instinct.
Personal preferences are also considered an important criterion for choosing.
Basic rules for growing
Ducks are adapted to keeping in different conditions. Some breeds are thermophilic, others are frost-resistant. But when arranging a poultry house, a number of requirements are observed:
- The birds are housed in a spacious and warm (up to 24 ° C) room with good ventilation.
- Lamps are used to heat the young.
- Install additional lighting.
- The floor is insulated with straw or peat.
It is not advised to transfer ducks to free content if there is no reservoir nearby. Grazing is difficult to gain weight. The diet of birds must be carefully monitored. Breeding ducks is not difficult. The productivity indicators are high. Taking into account the low cost of keeping birds, breeding of meat breeds will become a profitable business.