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Despite the fact that the raspberry of the Modest variety has existed for 30 years, it is still in great demand among gardeners and summer residents. This juicy berry has excellent technical and taste characteristics, good yield, resistance to external conditions, excellent frost resistance and resistance to diseases and pests. Modest is considered one of the best medium-ripening varieties.
Description and characteristics of the variety Modesty
This variety of raspberries was bred back in 1982 by the breeder Kazakov I.V., entered into the State Register in 1990 and since then has won the love and devotion of hundreds of thousands of people throughout the Russian Federation and beyond.
This is not a remontant shrub, reaching a height of up to 2 meters, slightly spreading. Shoots give a lot of branches, an average number of shoots, there are almost no thorns. Berries from 2 to 4 grams, spherical or slightly conical, bright, with medium pulp density. Sweet taste, minimal acidity. The fruits are formed by tassels. Modest is a mid-season variety.
Main advantages and disadvantages
Endurance, non-capricious character.
Absence of thorns (there are single ones in the lower part of the shoots).
Can be harvested by a mechanized method, which makes it possible to use raspberries for industrial planting.
The ability to transport without harm to the berries.
Drought and frost resistant.
Raspberry disease resistance.
There are almost no shortcomings in the Skromnitsa variety. These include only the tendency to be affected by gray rot and susceptibility to attacks by spider mites.
Cultivation of culture
To get full harvests of raspberries, you must exactly follow the rules for planting a plant, soil selection, light level, humidity, and so on.
When and where to plant?
The Skromnitsa variety is planted in sunny areas protected from strong winds. The soil should be permeable, nutritious, loose, because the bushes grow in one place for up to 10-15 years.
Planting times vary by terrain and climate. In the southern regions, they are planted from mid-April, in the central and northern regions, this cannot be done earlier than mid-May. In autumn, planting begins after the onset of leaf fall.
Preparation of planting material
Strong seedlings with developed roots are selected for planting. It is necessary to plant raspberries to the level of the root collar, since deepening will lead to decay and death of the plant. Planted raspberries are cut at a height of 30-40 centimeters from the soil level.
Raspberries grow rapidly, so the distance between the bushes must be respected. The planting pattern is 40-50 centimeters between seedlings and 1.5-2 meters between rows. Use pits or trenches 40 centimeters deep.
How to care for a plant
Despite its unpretentiousness, Raspberry Modest needs care. After planting, it is necessary to provide optimal conditions for adaptation in a new place.
Watering and fertilizing
Modest is drought-resistant, but this does not mean that it will bear fruit abundantly without enough moisture. She can survive a short-term drought, but for the growth and formation of the crop, the bushes need regular watering. At the same time, pouring raspberries is not worth it, the soil just needs to be moist.
Plants will stay in one place for at least ten years, while greatly depleting the soil. In order for the bushes to continue to bear fruit regularly, they need to be fed. In the spring, nitrogen and potash fertilizers are applied, best of all ammonium nitrate or urea. Do this until the berries are tied. When they start pouring in, superphosphate is added.
Raspberries do not tolerate the presence of chlorine in fertilizers, therefore, such substances are not used for feeding the Modesty.
To preserve the looseness of the earth and moisture, mulching is carried out. A layer of mulch helps to maintain a stable temperature at the plant's root system, preventing overheating or freezing. Also, mulch gradually decomposes, as it consists of organic matter.
Nutrients gradually enrich the land under the plantation, making it suitable for growing berry crops in one place for decades.
The following substances are suitable for the role of mulch:
- Humus or rotted compost.
- Shredded pine bark.
- Weathered peat.
- Fallen dry leaves.
For mulching, materials must be used that are not contaminated with pathogens that can infect raspberries.
The shy woman is pruned in the fall, after the harvest, as preparation for the upcoming wintering. Fruiting shoots are cut at ground level. Sanitary pruning is performed in the spring. At this time, diseased, broken and frozen shoots are cut out during the winter. Shorten to a healthy kidney. The tops are cut by 10-15 centimeters - this stimulates the formation of the crop. In the spring, work is carried out before the start of sap flow.
Diseases and pests
The modest woman is distinguished by enviable health. She is immune to such a dangerous disease as anthracnose, as well as to most fungal infections. This makes it in demand among amateur gardeners and summer residents, for whom the fight against diseases is difficult. However, raspberries are prone to gray rot, which often appears due to waterlogging or excessive deepening during planting.
Of the pests for raspberries of this variety, the spider mite is dangerous, which develops in dry conditions, therefore mulching is so important for the berry shrub, which makes it possible not only to get a healthy harvest, but also to indirectly fight the pest.
Cleaning and storage
The Shy Berries can be harvested when they are fully ripe. They easily tolerate transportation, they can stay for 2-3 days without a refrigerator (depending on the ambient temperature). It can be stored in the refrigerator for a week without harm.
They perfectly tolerate freezing, retaining their excellent taste, shape and useful properties.