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Description of varieties of yellow raspberries, cultivation, care and methods of reproduction

Description of varieties of yellow raspberries, cultivation, care and methods of reproduction


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There are many varieties of raspberries. The usual red berry can be replaced with yellow, black, white varieties. Growing yellow raspberries and caring for them are not much different from the cultivation of the red species, but there are some nuances in the agricultural technology of an unusual garden culture. The popularity of yellow raspberries is that it bears fruit all summer long, and its berries are hypoallergenic.

Features of yellow raspberries

The yellow variety of raspberries belongs to perennial shrubs, reaching a height of 1.5-2 meters. With good care, the plant can stretch up to 3 meters. By its peculiarities, the culture is close to its relatives. Therefore, when asked whether it is possible to plant yellow and red raspberries next to each other, they answer in the affirmative. So you can improve the decorativeness of berry plantations.

Representative of the Rosaceae family:

  • undemanding to heat, poorly tolerating heat;
  • grows better in the shade of trees;
  • sensitive to lack of moisture due to shallow root system;
  • develops better on soils filled with organic fertilizers.

The raspberry root system is classified as a perennial type. It lies 30-40 centimeters above the surface of the earth. The roots do not go deeper than 85 centimeters into the ground. Horizontally, the roots go 3 meters to the side. Buds are laid on them, from which young shoots appear. By the fall, the formation of root suckers occurs. Shoots also develop from the base of the uterine stems. They replace the branches that have matured, which die off by autumn.

What is different from the usual

There are no particular differences between red and yellow raspberries. The yellow-fruited variety is used for site design. Large orange and yellow berries are juicy and sweet. But they do not retain their shape for a long time, they crumple. Therefore, they are immediately used for food, for making desserts. The jam from yellowish fruits is tasty, but the appearance of the blanks is unremarkable. Therefore, you can use red and yellow berries together.

Those who love fresh berries choose a crop for planting, especially since its yield is high compared to other types of raspberries.

Berry varieties tolerate frost well, bear fruit throughout the summer season.

Soil and climate suitable for growing

A good harvest of yellow berries is obtained when:

  • summer temperatures reach 20-25 degrees, and winter temperatures range from 22-24 degrees;
  • harbor plantings in areas with severe winters;
  • fertilize plantations on time;
  • trap snow in the garden area to cover the bushes.

Raspberry bushes take root and bear fruit successfully in central Russia, Moscow region, Altai Territory. The culture is grown in Siberia, in the Urals, choosing an early type of plant.

The best varieties of yellow raspberries

The varieties bred by breeders, such as the Yellow Giant remontantnaya raspberry, are considered the best among berry plants. The culture bears fruit both in summer and autumn. Amber fruits with a pleasant aroma and sweet taste are valuable. They are so juicy that they melt in your mouth. Although large berries cannot be stored for a long time, their high yields allow you to feed a large family with healthy raspberries.

Morning dew

Polish biologists have developed a raspberry variety, the fruits of which:

  • dense;
  • sweet and sour;
  • orange;
  • weighing up to 10 grams.

On the bushes 1.8 meters high, berries appear in June, the second ripening occurs at the end of summer. If they want to get more harvest, then they grow it as an annual crop, removing the fruits 1 time.

The disadvantages of the hybrid include the fact that the sweetness of the raspberry depends on the air temperature. In addition, Morning Dew does not resist diseases, fungal infections very well.

Orange miracle

One of the sun-loving varieties that do not tolerate shade well. The advantages of raspberries include its frost resistance, unpretentious care, resistance to pathogenic fungi. The bushes are not high, 1.5 meters, so they don't need a garter.

The shape of the berries in the hybrid is conical, and ripe fruits acquire a beautiful orange tone. Due to their high density, they are well preserved, do not wrinkle during transportation. With good care, the yield is 2-4 kilograms per plant.

Yellow sweet tooth

Raspberries of this variety are famous for their whitish berries with a slight yellowness. They have a pleasant pineapple flavor. Medium-sized fruits do not crumble, but during transportation they wrinkle and lose their presentation. From spreading bushes with smooth shoots 1.5 meters high, they harvest up to 6-8 kilograms.

The culture is distinguished by high immunity against diseases, but it does not tolerate the cold well.

Apricot

Apricot raspberries are the most fruitful. Fruiting begins in the 1st year after planting. The shoots of the plant are strong, straight. Juveniles are light brown in color. They darken over the years. The rounded apricot-colored berry is soft in consistency, with a small hairline. Raspberries are rated at 4.5 points for taste. The yield of the hybrid reaches 3 kilograms per bush. The advantage is resistance to major diseases.

Gold assortment

Large-fruited type of raspberry with white, yellowish berries. It resembles the description of the yellow giant raspberry variety, which has:

  • powerful spreading bushes;
  • high rate of shoot formation;
  • berries weighing 12-15 grams;
  • sugary fruit pulp;
  • ripening takes a long time, for 1.5 months.

The recognized leader among yellow raspberries is valued among gardeners. Everyone dreams of raising him.

Gold autumn

The variety is recommended for cultivation in the Central, North Caucasian region. The bushes have a slight spreading, but their shoots are formed quickly. The fruit is cone-shaped, orange, reaching a weight of 5-7 grams. Taste qualities are estimated at 3.9 points, but the berries do not crumble, they tolerate transportation well. A delicate aroma, an unusual taste of raspberries is used in preparations for the winter. The plant tolerates frosts down to -30 degrees. And the resistance to diseases is average.

Planting crops on the site

Plantation laying is carried out with preliminary preparation of the site. It is necessary to choose the optimal planting time depending on the growing region. With the ability to plant and care for the Yellow Giant raspberries, you can achieve high yields, high-quality fruits.

The best time frame for work

Suitable for remontant varieties of yellow raspberries, planting in early spring. When the buds have not yet swollen, you can start a berry plantation. For gardeners, the best time is mid-April or early May.

Suitable for planting in autumn, late September - early October. Sometimes planted in the summer using young offspring that have not reached the age of one. But at the same time, their leaf apparatus must be formed. In June, a plot for seedlings is determined. They will take root quickly if you plant them on a cloudy day and shade the planting first.

Choosing a landing site

The slopes for planting yellow raspberries are selected taking into account the area. In arid, the north side is suitable, in the cold - the south. It is desirable that the groundwater approach the surface by 1.5-1.7 meters. They will feed the plantation with moisture, and then the watering can be reduced.

The soil for berry bushes should be classified as sandy loam and loamy chernozems. It is necessary that the illumination of the slope is moderate.

Before planting, clear the place for saplings from weeds, especially creeping couch grass, sow thistle. The best precursor for yellow raspberries is pure steam. The site is plowed or dug up to a depth of 30-35 centimeters. Before that, 5-6 kilograms of rotted manure, 30-40 grams of superphosphate, 15-20 grams of potassium salt are introduced for each square meter. If the acidity is increased, then it is necessary to deepen 0.2-0.4 kilograms of ground lime. In the spring, scatter 20 grams of ammonium nitrate before cultivation.

Schemes and step-by-step guide for planting bushes

Seedlings for planting are needed in the form of annual root suckers with a stem thickness of up to 1 centimeter at the root collar. The root system of the bush is at least 10-15 centimeters long. The seedling must be cut off, leaving a stem 15-20 centimeters long, with 4-5 buds. If you do not cut the raspberries, then they will begin to bear fruit in the same year, and there will be no replacing shoots. In the fall, the bush will die off.

You can plant yellow raspberries in an ordinary or nesting way. The distance between the rows is 1.5 meters. Between bushes in rows - 0.5-0.75 meters. With the nesting method, 2-3 annual plants are planted in the hole. With this method of planting, raspberries quickly turn into a powerful bush with good fruiting.

Landing is carried out in stages as follows:

  1. The holes are dug 35 x 35 x 30 centimeters in size. On poor soils, put in each quarter of a bucket of humus mixed with superphosphate (5-7 grams), potassium salt (2-3 grams), earth.
  2. The seedlings are placed vertically in the hole so that the surface roots are at a depth of 4-5 centimeters.
  3. Holding the shoot with one hand, sprinkle it with earth with the other.
  4. Compact the soil around with your foot.
  5. Sprinkle with water in the amount of 0.5 buckets per plant.
  6. The hole is mulched with humus, straw, sawdust in a layer of 6-8 centimeters.

The yellow-fruited raspberry variety quickly takes root when all planting rules are followed.

The nuances of care

Since it is usually necessary to care for yellow raspberries, a novice gardener can easily do this. All activities are carried out in a timely manner, not missing to include irrigation, plant feeding. For bushes, constant pruning is needed, for some varieties, a garter.

Watering

At first, after spring and summer planting, the plantation is watered after 3-5 days. If the summer is dry, then it is necessary to moisturize 2-3 more times.

In subsequent years, the berry culture needs watering at the beginning of June, then 2 times during the fruit setting. After harvesting in early October, they still irrigate. Watering rate - 2-3 buckets per bush. If watered in the furrows laid along the rows at a distance of 50-75 centimeters from the plantings, then 3-4 buckets per meter of the trench. A mulch plantation can be irrigated less frequently, up to 2-3 times per season. Then 3-4 buckets are enough for each square meter.

Fertilizing bushes

Annual fertilization kicks off high yields of yellow raspberries. Organics are obtained by the bushes through mulch. It is buried in the ground in autumn or spring. If mulching is not carried out, then it is necessary to take 4-6 kilograms of mullein or 3-4 kilograms of humus per square meter of the garden.

In early spring, after cleaning the raspberry plantation from debris, fertilizing with ammonium nitrate is carried out, dissolving 15-20 grams in 5 liters of water. 10 days before the berries ripen, the bushes are watered with slurry (mullein in a ratio of 1: 6) diluted with water. Use a bucket of nutrient solution for 2-3 plants.

From mineral complexes, 10 grams of ammonium nitrate and 15 grams of potassium salt can be diluted in 10 liters. Fertilize with wood ash in autumn.

Tying

Bushes are tied in different ways. The raspberries are not pressed tightly to the stakes so that the plant has enough light. If the wire is pulled to the stakes along the rows, then the shoots are tied fan-shaped. It is better to pull the wire in 2 rows at a height of 100-125 centimeters. The distance depends on the height of the bush.

Weed control

Mulching the plantation will free the bushes from the action of weeds. But when creeping wheatgrass appears on the site, it is necessary to dig or harrow the aisles to a depth of 5-7 centimeters. The procedure is needed 4-5 times a summer.

How to prune a crop

With the bush growing method, formative pruning is performed. A 3-4 year old plant should have 10 to 15 annual shoots. The rest are carved from the ground. Pruning procedures need to destroy weak, densely located branches. The optimal distance between shoots is 40-50 centimeters for raspberries.

Root offspring leave only strong ones, they should not be more than 15 pieces, located 15-20 centimeters from each other. Everyone else breaks out. After 10 years, the plantation is replaced with completely young shoots.

The shortening of the tops of annual shoots affects the quality of the crop. In the spring, you need to trim it by 10-15 centimeters. As a result, fruitful shoots with large berries will appear.

If you cut off one-year-olds in the spring, leaving a stump of 8-10 centimeters, then August and September will delight you with large yellow berries.

Protection from pests and diseases

Raspberries have a lot of pests. Often it is struck by the raspberry beetle. Larvae and adults feed on leaves and buds, berries. It is necessary to dig up the soil in August to destroy the pupae of the insects. Beetles can be collected by shaking them off the bushes. It is necessary to spray the shoots with insecticidal preparations 3 times per season.

The weevil destroys the raspberry buds, gnawing the peduncle. They fight larvae and beetles by spraying raspberries with sodium silicofluoride preparations.

Spider mites are destroyed by processing with onion peel infusion (20 grams of raw material per liter of water). It is better to spray three times with a break of 10 days.

Fungal infections on raspberries are rare. But if spots appeared on parts of the plant, and the leaves began to curl and turn yellow, then it is necessary to treat the plantation with a solution of Bordeaux liquid.

Shelter of yellow raspberries for the winter

In areas with cold winters, young seedlings should be covered. For this, shoots are bent to the ground. 2-3 shovels of earth are poured onto the ends of the branches. You can cover it on top with a non-woven material. In winter, it is worth carrying out snow retention to cover the raspberries.

In the spring, the ends of the branches are carefully pulled out from the ground. After that, they begin to cut out dry, fruiting stems.

How to propagate yellow raspberry bushes

If culture propagation is carried out, then it is better to take root suckers for this. In the fall, strong shoots are dug up, transferred together with a lump of earth on the roots to another site. Do not forget to fertilize the soil with humus, and after planting raspberries, water it.

Another vegetative propagation method is popular with gardeners. It is most suitable for yellow raspberries. Cuttings are harvested in autumn or spring. It is necessary to prepare a greenhouse for planting material or place it in a cellar or basement for the winter, sprinkling it with nutritious soil. Only after the cutting takes root, it is transplanted into other containers. They are moved to the garden, when the shoots get stronger, leaves will appear on them.

The seed method of propagation of berry crops is rarely used. Raspberry seed is processed before planting. It is soaked, disinfected, hardened. Seeds are placed in moist soil, covered with foil, placed in a warm place. When sprouts appear, transfer containers to well-lit places without direct sunlight.


Watch the video: Planting Raspberries In Containers. Jack Shilley (December 2022).