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Every vegetable grower has his own favorite varieties of tomatoes, let's talk about Alyoshka tomato - not the most whimsical, but a productive early variety. It should be said that tomatoes are an unpretentious culture, so tomatoes can be planted in the country. Having tried his hand at growing tomatoes at least once, the gardener cannot resist the temptation to plant tomatoes again next year.
Recommended for early harvest in greenhouses and open beds. Tomatoes of this variety are good for adding to salads, for pickling. Alyoshka is an early ripe tomato variety: it will take about 95 days to get a harvest. The plant is determinate, with a height of about 120 cm. The bushes are quite powerful, tall, they definitely need to be tied to a support. The sheets are large, green. The peduncle has an articulation.
The fruit is round, bright red in color, reaching a weight of 250 grams. The tomatoes are very juicy and delicious. The yield in greenhouse conditions is 14 kilograms per square meter. This variety was bred recently, but the quality of tomatoes has already been appreciated by many gardeners. Reviews about the tomato Alyoshka F1 say that the fruits are best consumed fresh.
Where and how to plant
Light soil is suitable for a tomato of this variety; it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings in March. Before planting, the seeds should be treated with potassium permanganate. A pick is made when two true leaves appear. Fertilizing seedlings with fertilizer is performed 3 times.
It is recommended to temper it a week before planting seedlings. To do this, in April, tomatoes must be planted in a heated greenhouse at the age of 60 days. Since the tomatoes are tall, they must be tied to horizontal trellises. In the future, the plant needs to be systematically watered.
This variety is grown from seedlings, the seeds are bought in the store. The soil must be light - if possible, purchase soil from the store. The greatest return from Alyoshka can be obtained if a tomato is grown on loamy soil.
Pros and cons of the variety
The pluses of Alyosha include the following signs:
- disease resistance;
- excellent productivity;
- long fruiting time.
There are also disadvantages:
- with an unfavorable season, Alyoshka F1 will not give a lot of harvest;
- the variety needs a lot of sunlight;
- quickly responds to mistakes made during planting and leaving.
Planting and sowing rules
Seeds should be sown at the end of May, so that when the seedlings are moved into the ground, the soil is already warmed up. Be sure to spill soil before planting. Seeds must be planted in wooden boxes and sprinkled with a special soil composition.
Next, the containers are covered with foil and placed in a warm place. When the first shoots appear, the container should be placed on the windowsill so that the plants receive sunlight. If daylight is not enough, it is necessary to arrange additional lighting with a lamp. Seedlings need to be watered and loosened, fed with various fertilizers. After the appearance of the second leaf, a pick is made into cups.
Transfer to the ground
The formed seedlings are moved into the open ground at the set time. By this time, the sprouts should already have real leaves. For planting, the soil is prepared in advance - they mix manure, sand, fertilizer composition.
It is recommended to plant tomatoes at a distance of sixty centimeters from each other. To provide tomatoes with fresh air and light, it is recommended to form bushes into one or two stems. Growing tomatoes, of course, is a laborious process, but the result of the work can be seen in three months.
If you neglect the basic rules of care, tomatoes will hurt a lot, the fruits will be of poor quality. It is recommended to loosen and mulch the top layer of earth on the ridge more often. If you have ever tried to grow the Matryoshka variety, you will feel the difference. Alyoshka's tomatoes are not as whimsical as Matryoshka, it is enough to water and remove weeds in a timely manner.
It is advisable to carry out top dressing regularly. Use humus or manure. If you decide to grow tomatoes in the open air, in the first days after transplanting at night, cover them with plastic. Water constantly, but in moderation, so that the plant is not flooded.
The main problems of these tomatoes:
- late blight;
- Colorado beetle;
In the form of preventive measures, the bushes must be treated with specialized compounds in order to protect the tomatoes from late blight.
Plants should be systematically inspected for the presence of the Colorado potato beetle. Its larvae are capable of destroying tomatoes. You can get rid of other parasites in the beds with the help of wood ash, sprinkling it on the plants.
Harvesting begins in late August - early September. These fresh tomatoes are not stored for a long time, therefore, it is recommended to process the crop. If you want to eat fresh tomatoes as long as possible, they can slightly extend their "life". For this, the harvest box must be placed in a dark, cool place. The palatability depends on the care and composition of the soil.
Many gardeners use one effective technique - they remove the foliage over the formed fruits. This measure accelerates the ripening of the crop. The Alyoshka variety is preferred by those gardeners who like to tinker with large hybrids. You can cultivate this variety in any region, you just need to fulfill the above requirements. It should be remembered that Alyoshka's harvest is unstable.