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It takes a lot of effort to grow eggplants in the country. This agricultural crop is susceptible to various diseases, eggplants and pests suffer. It is important to choose the right type of vegetable. Take into account its resistance to diseases, yield and taste. Summer residents note that when planting the Long Purple eggplant, a good harvest can be reaped.
The Long Violet eggplant is considered to be an early maturing and very fruitful variety. It takes about 3 months from sowing to harvesting. This crop is suitable for growing in greenhouses and outdoors. Eggplants are also called blue, because of the characteristic color of the fruit.
The bushes of the plant can grow up to about half a meter tall. The flowers are beautiful, somewhat reminiscent of potato flowers. Fruits are elongated, can be up to 25 cm long and weigh up to 300 grams. The pulp is blue, medium density, greenish-white shade without bitterness. Vegetables are used for the preparation of preserves, side dishes and first courses.
The Long Violet variety is distinguished by its spicy taste and presentable presentation. Such vegetables do not deteriorate during long-term transportation.
Characteristics of Long Purple Eggplant
In recent years, many varieties of eggplants have been bred, of different sizes and colors. But more often in the gardens there are blue ones, having a beautiful, glossy, purple color. Summer residents are attracted by the characteristics of this culture.
- The blue bushes are compact, they do not grow in all the free space. The plant grows about half a meter tall.
- Early maturity. With the correct distribution of the timing of planting, diving and disembarking in open ground, the first harvest can actually be obtained in 3 months. If the seeds are sown in March, then the harvest is planned for the end of June.
- Productivity. Up to 10 fruits are harvested from one bush, each weighing about 300 grams. With proper care, up to 3 kg of vegetables can be obtained from one bush.
- Delicious and aromatic pulp with delicate seeds.
The Long Violet variety can be used not only for preparing first courses, side dishes and snacks. This culture is preserved for the winter.
Delicious salted eggplant with fried carrots, parsley and garlic.
Advantages and disadvantages
As with every vegetable crop, this variety has advantages and disadvantages. The pluses include:
- High productivity.
- Excellent taste.
- Attractive appearance.
- Long-term storage.
Of the shortcomings, summer residents note susceptibility to diseases and frequent invasion of areas with blue pests. The disadvantages of the variety include the fact that with improper care, the bushes grow weak and there are few ovaries on them.
Growing seedlings from seeds
You can grow seedlings in different ways. If there is no greenhouse, then you can use flower pots or special containers. According to the observation of many summer residents, seedlings from the greenhouse are stronger and more resistant to diseases.
In the greenhouse
You can plant seedlings in the greenhouse at the end of February. An important condition for good seed germination is a sufficiently heated and fertilized soil. Previously, the land is fertilized with mineral fertilizers and manure. They wait a couple of weeks and start planting blue ones.
In landing containers
The land is collected in containers in the fall, but it is pre-fertilized. If the idea to plant eggplants came up spontaneously, and there is no land collected, it doesn’t matter. You can buy special soil for planting fruit and vegetable crops in a specialized store.
Plastic containers and peat pots are used for planting seeds. In the latter case, the seedlings are planted in the ground directly in the pots.
You cannot use the same land for planting seedlings for 2 years in a row. The soil is renewed every year.
Before proceeding with planting seeds, they should be prepared. This is done in several stages.
- A full teaspoon of table salt is dissolved in a liter of warm tap water. Pour the seeds prepared for planting into the solution, mix and leave for 5 minutes. The seeds that have floated up are drained, and those that have fallen to the bottom, I rinse well with clean water.
- Potassium permanganate is diluted and the seeds are dipped into the composition for 20 minutes. The color of the solution should be red, but not saturated. Next, the seeds are dipped into the growth stimulant solution and left for 10 hours.
- Put moistened cotton pads in a pallet, prepared seeds on them, they are also covered with wet cotton on top. In this state, the planting material is left for 3 days at room temperature.
After three days, the seeds are evaluated. By this time, they should already hatch, so you can remove weak specimens without shoots or with weak shoots.
Make sure that the cotton pads are constantly wet. Otherwise, the seeds will die!
After that, holes are made in the prepared soil with a pencil, 2-3 seeds are placed in them and sprinkled with earth. Cover the pots with plastic wrap and put them in a warm place. The first shoots usually appear after a couple of weeks. In the greenhouse, the blue ones are planted in the same way.
After the first shoots appear, the room temperature is reduced. This will avoid over-stretching the sprouts. For 5 days, the temperature is kept at no more than 16 degrees during the day, and no more than 13 at night.
Then the regime is changed, at night the temperature should be about 18 degrees, and during the day - 26. At the same time, weak specimens of shoots are removed from the pots.
Water the eggplant seedlings as the soil dries out. It is optimal to do this after 2 days on the third. Water for irrigation is taken at room temperature. Do not pour water directly under the root.
The first feeding is carried out after the appearance of the third true leaves on the shoots. For feeding, use a mineral fertilizer purchased in a store. Dilute it in accordance with the instructions.
The bush is formed by removing side shoots and leaves until the first fork. After the plant has faded, 6-7 of the largest ovaries are left on it, the rest are recommended to be removed.
Diseases and pests
Eggplants are susceptible to disease, but most often these are the consequences of improper care.
- Blackleg. A fungal infection affects the stem of the plant due to over-watering.
- Late blight. In this case, the lower leaves are covered with dark spots. This disease is also fungal in nature and develops due to excessive moisture.
- Mosaic. This disease manifests itself even during the period of growing seedlings. It is characterized by an uneven color of the leaves, which dry out over time. Plants infected with this virus have small irregularly shaped fruits.
Of the pests, plants are most often affected by Colorado beetles and slugs. If there are few pests, they are collected, otherwise the plants are treated with pesticides.
Harvesting and storage
Eggplant is harvested as the fruit ripens. If the seedlings are planted early, then the first crop can be harvested already at the end of June, beginning of July. Store the crop in a cellar, refrigerator or cool place. Periodically, the vegetables are reviewed and the spoiled ones are removed.