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Description of milkweed tirucalli, planting and care at home, reproduction

Description of milkweed tirucalli, planting and care at home, reproduction


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Succulents are houseplants that do not require much maintenance. They are adapted to grow up in unfavorable conditions. One of the succulents - euphorbia tirucalli - has an unusual appearance. It has long shoots that do not have leaves in adulthood. Inflorescences are yellow, tubular. At home, the flowering of the plant is rare. Further, a description and characteristics of the culture, information on growing and caring for a flower.

The history of the elimination of milkweed tirucalli

The habitat of euphorbia tirucalli is Africa. The culture is capable of growing in arid conditions. For this reason, spurge is grown for animal feed in regions where rainfall is rare..

Description and characteristics of culture

Euphorbia tirucalli is a suitable plant for large spaces. With good care, without pruning, the culture at home reaches a height of 6 meters.

Stem

Milkweed shoots are round, fleshy. They contain a poisonous juice that does not affect animals, but is dangerous to humans. Young plants have green branches. With the growth of euphorbia of tirucalli, the color of the stems changes to gray-green.

Note! Milkweed juice is poisonous, so all work with the flower is carried out with gloves. Any liquid that accidentally falls on open areas of the body is thoroughly washed off with running water.

Leaves

On young milkweed, linear leaves of bright green color are formed. Their length does not exceed 12 centimeters. The growing season of euphorbia tirucalli falls in the spring and summer. In the off-season, the leaves fall off, remaining only on the tops of the plants.

Flower and bloom

The buds begin to bloom in October. The inflorescences consist of tubular flowers. The petals are painted in tones of a yellow palette. Blooming at home is rare.

Dormant period

In winter, euphorbia tirucalli has a dormant period. During this period, the pot with the plant is placed in a room with an air temperature of 12-14 ° C. The flower is watered in winter no more than once a month, no feeding is done at all.

Reproduction

At home, euphorbia tirucalli is propagated by cuttings. The procedure is performed as follows:

  • cut the cuttings with a sharp knife;
  • wash off the milky juice under running water;
  • dry during the day;
  • planted in a pot with a light, loose substrate;
  • cover with foil.

The shelter is periodically removed, the cutting is watered as needed. The plant takes root quickly.

Important! The cut cutting must be dried in the air for at least a day. This will prevent it from rotting when planted in the ground.

Necessary conditions for growing

For a plant to thrive, it needs to be provided with conditions similar to those under which it grew in nature.

Optimum air humidity

Euphorbia tirucalli tolerates dry air well. Therefore, the plant does not need additional moisture. Periodically euphorbia for hygienic purposes, you can arrange a shower. The water will wash away dust that interferes with the flower's breathing.

Temperature regime

A thermophilic succulent plant prefers to grow at a temperature of 21-25 ° C. In summer, spurge can be taken out into the fresh air. Place the bush in a place protected from cold winds and bright rays of the sun. In winter, euphorbia tirucalli is kept in a room with an air temperature of 12-14 ° C.

Illumination

Succulent is not very picky about lighting, but it will look more decorative on the windowsill on the south side of the room. It must be protected from bright sun glare. In a too dark place, the shoots will weaken, stretch.

Required soil composition

The substrate for milkweed is selected loose, light. You can independently make a soil mixture from the following components:

  • leaf compost;
  • sod land;
  • river sand.

For planting euphorbia tirucalli, you can purchase ready-made soil for succulents.

How to plant a plant at home

The euphorbia purchased at the store requires a transplant, since it is in the transport soil. Previously, it is quarantined to identify possible diseases and pests. If none are found, the transplant is started after 10-15.

Cooking a seedling

The flower is carefully removed from the old pot. Shake off part of the old soil from the root system. If there is damage on the shoots or roots, they are removed. Places of cuts are disinfected with activated carbon.

Note! The new container for milkweed tirucalli is selected slightly larger than the previous one. It should be wide, but not deep.

Drainage and soil preparation

The pot must have holes for draining excess liquid. At the bottom of the container, drainage is laid out, consisting of expanded clay, small stones, brick chips. Otherwise, due to stagnant moisture, the root system of the euphorbia of tirucalli can rot.

Schematic planting of milkweed

Planting a flower in a new pot is done as follows:

  • drainage is laid out on the bottom of the pot;
  • loose substrate is poured;
  • euphorbia is planted, the root system is covered with earth;
  • watered.

The transplanted plant is placed in a warm place. Frequent watering is not required. The rooted apical stalk is planted in the same way.

Home care

Caring for the milkweed tirucalli consists in infrequent watering, feeding. In order for the bushes to branch beautifully, they are subjected to shaping. The cuttings remaining after pruning can be rooted and new plants grown from them. If euphorbia undergoes an invasion of pests, it is treated with special preparations.

Watering

The flower does not need much moisture. Watering is carried out after the top layer of the soil has dried by 2.5-3 centimeters. The water is used warm, settled. In winter, the soil is moistened no more than 1 time per month. Water is poured not under the plant, but along the edge of the pot. From excess moisture, putrefactive microorganisms can affect the flower.

Pruning

Euphorbia tirucalli grows rapidly. This creates an inconvenience when growing a bush in a small room. Therefore, the overgrown shoots can be cut off. Use a sharp tool. To prevent the transfer of possible diseases, it is disinfected. The cut sites are also disinfected. Cuttings are used for reproduction.

Top dressing

Euphorbia tirucalli grows naturally in depleted soils. At home, it is enough to feed the plant 1 time in the spring and 1 time in the summer. Use a succulent fertilizer.

Important! Organics for feeding euphorbia are not used, since the nitrogen in it negatively affects the development of the plant.

Formation

A florist can form a bush at his own discretion. For example, with frequent pruning of apical cuttings, the flower will begin to grow in breadth. If it is necessary to grow a tall succulent, the shoots are cut only occasionally.

Transfer

Young spurge is transplanted annually. The pot is picked up a little more than the previous one. It should be wide, not deep. Drainage material is laid out at the bottom. The soil is used loose, air and water permeable. Adult bushes can be transplanted less often: 1 time in 2-3 years.


Watch the video: How to Plant Milkweed Seeds (December 2022).