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Potato occupies a very important place in human nutrition, and therefore the main characteristics are its good taste, high yield and resistance to pests and diseases. Adretta's potatoes are in great demand among gardeners, because they fully meet these requirements, although this variety was bred by a German breeder over 20 years ago.
Distinctive features and advantages of the variety
Characteristics of the Adrett potato plant:
- powerful stems;
- leaves are large, their color is light green;
- active flowering of the bush with white spreading inflorescences;
- high yield - up to 40 tons from 1 hectare or up to 12 fruits from one bush;
- mid-ripening variety - tubers ripen on 75–80 days;
- increased resistance to dry growing conditions;
- tolerates sudden temperature changes well.
In addition to all the above features, she also has a high level of resistance to late blight, nematode and cancer. Pests also rarely bother her.
Consider the description of the Adretta potato variety, in relation to tubers:
- the fruits have a thin, slightly rough skin and a yellowish center;
- small and few eyes;
- the shape of the potato is oval;
- weight up to 150 grams;
- starch content from 16 to 23%.
The characteristic of this variety is assessed by experts for the quality of taste 5 points out of five. The presence of light friability and the most delicate structure of the vegetable is due to the increased content of starch in its composition.
Favorably differs from other varieties and keeping quality of the product - it is perfectly stored in cellars, tolerates cold. In case of freezing, Adrette does not acquire a characteristic sweetish taste, but remains the same.
Features of agricultural technology
Judging by the fact that the characteristics of the culture are excellent, it is surprising - the potatoes of the Adretta variety when grown are unpretentious.
Site selection and crop sowing
Sowing or planting is preferable in loamy, sandy loam or sod-podzolic soil. The culture reacts very well when ash and compost (humus) are introduced into the soil. If the top layer of the bed is acidified, liming should be carried out.
It is desirable that the site for a potato plantation be on a slope and facing south or southwest. In this case, the sun will illuminate the plants well, and the excess moisture will easily go away.
The seeds are prepared like this:
- placed in a refrigerator overnight (t = 2 ° C);
- during the day they are kept warm (t = 22 ° C).
In the south of the country, the vegetable is planted in mid-spring, when the soil is warm enough. At the beginning of summer, gardeners can already feast on young root crops.
If the climate is more severe, then experienced gardeners close the seed material in boxes, and after the emergence of shoots and picks, they are planted in open ground. Of course, you can postpone the landing and carry it out when there is enough warmth: during the day the temperature will reach 15 ° C during the day, and 7 ° C at night.
In case of a shortage of seed, potatoes are propagated with the help of tubers. To do this, they are cut into pieces so that each has 1–2 eyes.
Planting and caring for potatoes
Plant the culture in prepared soil. To do this, the earth is dug up and organic matter is introduced (up to 7 kg per 1 m2). The standard planting scheme is used - 60x35 cm, but 90x40 cm is also possible.
Plants germinate on the 10th day, and flowering begins 14 days after the emergence of shoots. During the active growing season, the bushes require abundant irrigation of the beds. Of course, this crop is relatively drought-tolerant, but it reacts to watering by increasing the amount of harvest.
When caring for a potato crop, it must be weeded, hilled and fed on time. If all these activities are carried out with high quality, then Adretta will thank the gardener with good fruiting.
Diseases and pests
Although this variety has increased resistance to a number of diseases, it still has several to which it is predisposed. These are such diseases:
The disease is characterized by wilting of the stems. The leaves of the plants curl up and turn yellow. The bottom of the shoots turns black and then rot. The development of the black leg occurs in summer, with increased dampness and low temperatures.
The fight against this disease consists in burning the affected specimens, and the area where they grew is treated with a mixture of ash (1 liter) with copper sulfate (1 tbsp. L.).
Signs of the disease include sores, cracks, and bumps. Since the concentration of starch in the tubers decreases, a change in taste occurs. Scab needs warm and dry weather to develop. Minimize plant contamination with fungicides. Treatment of tubers before planting with Prestige or a similar preparation also gives high efficiency. Liming of the soil is a preventive measure.
Visually affected root crops look like this: they have black spots, as if the remains of the soil have dried. Plants, under the influence of the disease, when shoots appear, have blackened stems, which leads to the death of the bushes. When the potato blooms, the disease contributes to the death of the tuber tissue. The development of the disease occurs when it is dry and hot, as well as during the budding period.
Control measures are:
- selection of healthy potatoes for planting;
- treatment with fungicides before embedding in the soil;
- crop rotation;
- planting a vegetable in warm soil;
- harvesting the green mass of the crop before digging out the tubers.
In addition to diseases, there are also pests - these are Colorado beetles. Although they do not eat the vegetative part of potatoes as massively as other varieties, they still need to be treated against insects.
Reviews of the Adretta variety
The Adretta variety has been on the market for a very long time, and one would assume that it could easily be replaced by other, more advanced varieties. But that doesn't happen. This potato has won the hearts of many people, and continues to conquer new ones. Here are reviews of this certainly successful variety:
My husband and I bred different varieties of potatoes, but we concluded that we did not grow more delicious and more successful Adretta. Therefore, we carefully store it and do not allow mixing with other varieties. In the spring we plant them in different corners of the dacha. Adretta has a beautiful smooth skin and a yellow center. We plant it without organic matter - only mineral fertilizing. To be more precise, we add more potash fertilizers. Maybe because of this, our potatoes are excellent.
The most delicious potato is Adretta. It suits our taste perfectly even without oil.
I grow many varieties, and therefore I know a lot about them. Believe me, I've already tried about 20 varieties. And Adretta also gives an excellent harvest with good care. The only thing is that it is not stored well enough without a cellar - it germinates on New Year's Eve. But by this time my family is already almost eating it.